Social conflict between local communities and forest concessions is one of the many challenges Indonesia has been facing to protect and manage its forest resources. It is mainly caused by overlapping land tenure permits between communities and industrial forest companies. Identifying social conflict at its early stage, and learning how to mitigate it, is key to conflict prevention and containment. However, forest companies in Indonesia often lack conflict management and resolution skills to identify and resolve potential conflicts on the ground.
In this context, under the RAFT partnership, WWF-Indonesia, in collaboration with the Directorate General for the Sustainable Management of Production Forests of the Ministry of Environmental and Forestry (MoEF) and Wana Aksara Research Institute, developed a guidance framework for mapping and resolving conflict in forest concession areas in Indonesia.
The guidance was adopted into a new government regulation in 2016 under the sustainable forest management department on Conflict Mapping and Resolution Guidelines for Production Forest Management. On August 16th, 2016, more than 330 participants including forest concession holders, associations and forest consultants among other relevant stakeholders, gathered at a meeting in Jakarta to discuss the regulation.
“With the issuance of this regulation and guidance, there is no excuse for forest concessions because it should enable them to identify and manage conflicts in their area,” said Dr. Ida Bagus Parthama, M.Sc., Directorate General for the Sustainable Management of Production Forests (MoEF).
Under the RAFT partnership, WWF-Indonesia is also developing a database to map social conflict in concessions areas in Indonesia. This is an open source platform, where forest companies can assess social conflicts in their concessions, share lessons learned and good practices. The database will be launched in June 2018 and will serve as a monitoring tool for the Ministry of Environment and Forestry to map out conflicts in concessions in various Indonesian forestry regions.